20 Fun Facts About Idaho

Idaho, also known as the “Gem State,” is a fascinating and diverse state located in the western part of the United States. From its stunning natural landscapes to its rich history and unique cultural heritage, Idaho offers a wealth of interesting facts and trivia. 

In this article, we will explore 20 fun facts about Idaho that will give you a deeper appreciation for this beautiful state.

20 Fun Facts About Idaho

1. State of Boundaries

Idaho shares its borders with six other states, making it a true crossroads of the American West. It is bordered by Montana and Wyoming to the east, Utah and Nevada to the south, and Oregon and Washington to the west. The northern border of Idaho follows the 49th parallel and marks the boundary with the Canadian province of British Columbia.

2. Origins of the Name

The name “Idaho” is derived from a Shoshone phrase meaning “gem of the mountains.” This name is fitting for a state known for its stunning mountain ranges and natural beauty.

3. Rugged Terrain

Idaho’s terrain is rugged and mountainous, earning it the nickname the “Gem State.” The state is shaped like a logger’s boot and is known for its extensive forests and mining activities. The mountainous landscape provides ample opportunities for outdoor recreation and adventure.

4. Abundant Wilderness

Idaho is home to vast unspoiled wilderness areas, covering approximately 3,900 square miles (10,000 square km). These wilderness areas offer opportunities for hiking, camping, fishing, and wildlife viewing, allowing residents and visitors to connect with nature in its purest form.

5. Sun Valley

Sun Valley, developed in 1936, is an internationally renowned destination for winter sports. It has attracted celebrities and outdoor enthusiasts alike with its world-class skiing, snowboarding, and other winter activities. Sun Valley’s picturesque landscape and excellent facilities make it a must-visit destination for winter sports enthusiasts.

6. Natural Hot Springs

Idaho is blessed with numerous natural hot springs found throughout the state. These hot springs offer a relaxing and therapeutic experience, with some even being used to heat homes and buildings in cities like Boise.

7. Hells Canyon

Idaho’s border with Oregon is marked by the dramatic Hells Canyon, a 480-mile (770-km) stretch of the Snake River. Hells Canyon is North America’s deepest gorge, reaching a depth of 7,900 feet (2,400 meters). It provides breathtaking views and recreational opportunities such as whitewater rafting, hiking, and fishing.

8. Largest Wilderness Area

Idaho is home to the largest contiguous wilderness area in the conterminous 48 states. The Frank Church-River of No Return Wilderness, Selway-Bitterroot Wilderness, and Gospel Hump Wilderness collectively cover a vast expanse of untouched natural beauty, offering a haven for outdoor enthusiasts and nature lovers.

9. Potato Capital

Idaho is famously known as the “Potato State” due to its reputation as one of the largest potato producers in the country. The state’s rich volcanic soil and cool climate provide optimal conditions for growing high-quality potatoes.

10. Iconic Landmark

Shoshone Falls, located on the Snake River near Twin Falls, is often referred to as the “Niagara of the West.” It is higher than Niagara Falls and attracts visitors with its impressive cascades and scenic beauty.

11. Diverse Wildlife

Idaho boasts a diverse range of wildlife species, thanks to its varied ecosystems. The state is home to grizzly bears, gray wolves, elk, deer, moose, bighorn sheep, sage grouse, and many other species. Wildlife enthusiasts and photographers will find plenty of opportunities to observe and appreciate these remarkable creatures.

12. Rich Native American Heritage

Idaho has a rich Native American heritage, with several tribes calling the region home for thousands of years. The Nez Percé, Shoshone, Bannock, Coeur d’Alene, and Kootenai tribes have all played a significant role in shaping Idaho’s history and culture.

13. World-Famous Authors

Idaho has been a source of inspiration for many renowned authors. Ernest Hemingway, the Nobel Prize-winning writer, spent several years in Idaho and wrote some of his famous works while residing in the state. Other notable authors associated with Idaho include Vardis Fisher and Carol Ryrie Brink.

14. Famous Athletes

Idaho has produced several famous athletes who have made significant contributions to their respective sports. Harmon Killebrew, a baseball legend and member of the Baseball Hall of Fame, was born and raised in Idaho. Picabo Street, an Olympic silver medalist in downhill skiing, also hails from the state.

15. Vibrant Arts and Culture Scene

Idaho’s cities and towns have a vibrant arts and culture scene, with numerous galleries, theaters, and cultural festivals. Boise, the state capital, is home to the Idaho Shakespeare Festival, which presents classic and contemporary plays in an outdoor amphitheater. The city also hosts various music festivals and art exhibitions throughout the year.

16. Educational Institutions

Idaho boasts several prestigious educational institutions, including the University of Idaho, Idaho State University, Boise State University, and the College of Idaho. These universities offer a wide range of academic programs and contribute to the state’s intellectual and cultural development.

17. Natural Wonders

Idaho is blessed with an abundance of natural wonders. Lake Pend Oreille, the state’s largest lake, offers scenic beauty and opportunities for boating, fishing, and water sports. Craters of the Moon National Monument showcases unique volcanic features, including barren craters and cones. These natural wonders are a testament to Idaho’s geologic diversity.

18. Outdoor Recreation Paradise

With its vast wilderness areas, mountains, rivers, and lakes, Idaho is a paradise for outdoor enthusiasts. Activities such as hiking, camping, fishing, hunting, whitewater rafting, and skiing are popular year-round. The state’s breathtaking landscapes provide endless opportunities for adventure and exploration.

19. Strong Community Spirit

Idahoans are known for their strong sense of community and hospitality. The state’s friendly and welcoming residents make visitors feel at home and contribute to the warm and inclusive atmosphere that Idaho is known for.

20. Growing Population

Idaho’s population has been steadily growing, with an influx of newcomers seeking its natural beauty, quality of life, and strong economy. The state’s population growth has contributed to its cultural diversity and economic development.


Idaho is a state of natural beauty, rich history, and diverse culture. From its majestic mountains and picturesque lakes to its vibrant arts scene and thriving outdoor recreation opportunities, Idaho offers something for everyone. 

Whether you’re an adventure seeker, history buff, nature lover, or simply looking for a warm community atmosphere, Idaho has it all. These 20 fun facts about Idaho only scratch the surface of what this remarkable state has to offer, so be sure to explore further and discover the countless wonders that await you in the Gem State.


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