1.  LARGEST COUNTRY

BRAZIL. The country is covering more than half the continent’s landmass and is slightly smaller than the USA.

2. LARGEST CITY

SAO PAOLO in Brazil. With more than 20 million inhabitants Sao Paulo is also one of the 10 biggest cities in the world.

3. SMALLEST COUNTRY

SURINAME. The country is one of the 10 most sparsely populated countries in the world.

4. BIGGEST ISLAND

TIERRA DEL FUEGO. Spanish meaning ‘Land of Fire’, at the southern tip of Argentina and Chile.

5. LONGEST RIVER

AMAZON RIVER. At 6,437metres/4,000miles, the Amazon is not only the second longest river in the world after the Nile, but also the Amazon carries more water than the world’s other 10 biggest rivers combined!

6. HIGHEST MOUNTAIN

ACONCAGUA in Argentina. The mountain (6,961m) is located in the Andes mountain range. The Aconcagua is considered the second highest of the world’s Seven Summits after Mount Everest which is in Asia.

7. BIGGEST LAKE

LAKE TITICACA, shared by Bolivia and Peru.

8. DRIEST PLACE

ATACAMA DESERT. While South America’s rain forests also are some of the wettest places on the earth, the Atacama Desert in Chile is considered the driest place on earth.